Frequently Asked Questions About Glaucoma at Vision Source Odessa
Glaucoma is a serious, irreversible condition that can cause blindness if not properly diagnosed and treated. Even so, many people don't understand what this condition does to the eyes, whether they are at risk for it, or how to safeguard their vision against it. Check out these answers to some frequently asked glaucoma questions here at Vision Source Odessa.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a broad term that refers to the destruction of the optic nerves due to any of a number of possible causes. Most cases involve elevated eye fluid pressure that damages the nerve fibers.
How Does Glaucoma Occur?
The eye normally regulates its fluid pressure by expressing excess fluid through a drainage angle between the iris and the cornea. If this area cannot drain fluid efficiently, the fluid will build up in the eye until the pressure damages the optic nerves.
What Are the Two Main Kinds of Glaucoma?
The majority of glaucoma patients have a slow-growing problem called open-angle glaucoma, in which the drainage angle is only partly functional. But some patients have a dangerous condition called angle-closure glaucoma in which the drainage angle becomes completely blocked.
What Are the Signs of Glaucoma?
Open-angle glaucoma may cause years of optic nerve damage before you start to notice vision loss, beginning with peripheral vision loss. Angle-closure glaucoma causes acute headaches, pain, nausea, and rapid vision loss.
Who Is at Risk for Glaucoma?
If you're over 40, nearsighted, farsighted, diabetic, hypertensive, or a user of steroid medications, you have an elevated risk for glaucoma. Asian, Hispanic, African-American, and individuals with a family history of the disease are also at risk. Even a previous eye injury can raise your glaucoma risk.
How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed?
Our eye care team can detect early warning signs of glaucoma by performing a kind of pressure test called tonometry during your comprehensive eye exam. We can also examine your optic nerves visually and check your peripheral vision for signs of glaucoma-related damage.
How Does Your Optometry Center Treat Glaucoma?
Our optometry center can help you manage your glaucoma in a number of ways. Eye drops, sometimes paired with oral medications, can control your eye fluid production and improve drainage. We may also recommend lifestyle changes and medical treatment for underlying health problems.
Get Your Answers at Our Odessa Eye Care Office
Glaucoma is a serious issue, but don't be afraid -- be informed. Call Vision Source Odessa at 432-362-3133 to schedule regular comprehensive eye exams so you can catch glaucoma in its earliest stages and receive the necessary treatments to keep it under control!